CBSE Syllabus of Class 10th Maths
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), in accordance with the annual schedule of assessment, has announced the Class 10 syllabus for the academic year 2022–2023 (CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2022–2023). By eliminating some notable chapters and themes from the main subjects, CBSE shortened the syllabus by 30%. The most recent curriculum must be read by CBSE Board students in class 10 in order to prepare only the required material for the annual exams and earn high scores.
CBSE Class 10 Maths Structure
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Download CBSE 10th Class Syllabus of Maths from the below mentioned link
UNIT 1: NUMBER SYSTEMS
Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality of √2, √3, √5
UNIT 2: ALGEBRA
Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.
UNIT 3: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division).
UNIT 4: GEOMETRY
Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.
1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.
4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
Tangent to a circle at, point of contact
1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact. 2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.
UNIT 5: TRIGONOMETRY
INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY
Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values of the trigonometric ratios of 300 , 450 and 600. Relationships between the ratios.
Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given.
HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES:
Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, and 60°.
UNIT 6: MENSURATION
AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES Area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. 2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones.
UNIT 7: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). 2. PROBABILITY Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.
CBSE class 10 maths is an important subject that lays the foundation for higher studies in the field of mathematics. The syllabus covers a wide range of topics including real numbers, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, statistics, and probability. To excel in the subject, students need to have a clear understanding of the concepts and practice regularly.
Q1: What is the passing marks for CBSE class 10 maths?
A: The passing marks for CBSE class 10 maths is 33 out of 80 marks. However, to pass the exam, students need to score an overall aggregate of 33% marks in all the subjects.
Q2: Is NCERT enough for CBSE class 10 maths?
A: Yes, NCERT is enough for CBSE class 10 maths as it covers all the topics and concepts as per the CBSE curriculum. However, students can refer to other reference books and practice papers for additional practice and to gain a better understanding of the concepts.
Q3: Which is the most important chapter in CBSE class 10 maths?
A: All the chapters in CBSE class 10 maths are important and have their own significance. However, some chapters like Real Numbers, Polynomials, Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Quadratic Equations, and Trigonometry are considered important from the exam point of view.
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