CBSE Class 12 Sociology Syllabus 2023

CBSE Class 12 Sociology Syllabus 2023: has been released for interested students preparing to take the CBSE Board examinations in February and March. If you are one of the students who will take this exam, you should approach it with the goal of discovery and investigation. Because Sociology encompasses numerous theories, concepts, and applications in case study questions, it is a subject with enormous scoring potential provided you understand the gist of the themes. Students who study CBSE Class 12 Sociology would be able to analyse and appreciate diversity in our modern Indian society.

Download CBSE Class 12 Sociology Syllabus 2023

CBSE Class 12 Sociology 2023-24 Course Content


Unit 1 Introducing Indian Society
- Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2 The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
- Theories and concepts in demography
- Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions
- Population Policy in India

Unit 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
- Caste and the Caste System
- Tribal Communities
- Family and Kinship

Unit 5 Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
- Social Inequality and Social Exclusion
- Systems justifying and perpetuating Inequality - Caste, Tribe, the Other Backward Classes
- Adivasi Struggles
- The Struggle for Women’s Equality and Rights
- The struggles of the Differently Abled

Unit 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
- Cultural communities and the nation state
- Regionalism in the Indian context
- The Nation state and religion related issues and identities
- Communalism, secularism and the nation state
- State and Civil Society

Unit 7 Suggestions for Project Work


Unit 8 Structural Change
- Understanding Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9 Cultural Change
- Social Reform Movements
- Different Kinds of Social Change: Sanskritisation, Westernization, Modernization, Secularization

Unit 11 Change and Development in Rural Society
- Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
- Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
- Green revolution and its social consequences
- Transformation in Rural Society
- Circulation of labour
- Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society

Unit 12 Change and Development in Industrial Society
- From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
- How people find Jobs
- Work Processes: How work is carried out, working conditions, home based work, Strikes and Unions

Unit 15 Social Movements

- Concept of Social Movements

- Theories and Classification of Social Movements

- Environmental Movements

- Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants

- Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Class/Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses

- Tribal Movements

- Women’s Movements in Independent India

CBSE Class 12 Sociology Practical Work 2023-24

C. Project undertaken during the academic year at school level (15 Marks)

  1. Introduction -2 Marks

2. Statement of Purpose – 2 Marks

3. Research Question – 2 Marks

4. Methodology – 3 Marks

5. Data Analysis – 4 Marks

6. Conclusion – 2 Marks

D. Viva – based on the project work (05 Marks)

CBSE Class 12 Sociology Prescribed Books 2023-24

1. Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT

2. Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT


In conclusion, the Class 12 CBSE Sociology syllabus offers students a comprehensive understanding of Indian society, its structure, and the processes of change and development. By studying this subject, students develop critical thinking skills and gain insights into sociological perspectives and theories. The syllabus covers various aspects of Indian society, including diversity, social institutions, demographic structure, cultural change, and the market as a social institution. It also delves into the dynamics of structural change, colonialism, industrialization, urbanization, and the challenges of rural development.


1.Is Sociology a compulsory subject for Class 12 CBSE students?

Sociology is an elective subject in Class 12 CBSE. Students have the option to choose it as one of their subjects.

2.How many marks are allotted to Sociology in Class 12 CBSE board exams?

The theory portion of Sociology carries 80 marks, while 20 marks are allotted for practical/project work.

3.What are the recommended textbooks for Class 12 CBSE Sociology?

The CBSE recommends the textbook "Indian Society" published by NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) for Class 12 Sociology

4.Are there any practical components in Class 12 CBSE Sociology?

Yes, there is a practical/project component in Class 12 CBSE Sociology. It involves conducting fieldwork, data collection, and analysis related to sociological concepts and theories.

Download CBSE Class 12th Sociology Pdf

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