CBSE Syllabus of Class 12th Chemistry 2023:

CBSE Chemistry 12th is a comprehensive course that covers the fundamental concepts and principles of chemistry. The course is designed to provide students with a deeper understanding of chemical reactions, chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry, and organic chemistry. It also includes practical experiments to help students develop laboratory skills and reinforce theoretical concepts. By studying CBSE Chemistry 12th, students will gain a solid foundation in chemistry, which is essential for pursuing higher education and careers in fields such as medicine, engineering, and chemical sciences.











Chemical Kinetics



d -and f -Block Elements



Coordination Compounds



Haloalkanes and Haloarenes



Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers



Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids











Download CBSE Class 12th chemistry syllabus from below link 

Unit 1: Solution

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult's law, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factors.

Unit 2 Electrochemistry

 Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion.

Unit 3:Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), activation energy, Arrhenius equation.

 Unit 4:d -and f -Block Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic

properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4

Lanthanoids Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

Unit 5: Coordination Compounds

Coordination compounds - Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).

Unit 6: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.                    

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.

Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

 Unit 7: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

 Unit 8: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Unit 9 :Amines

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.

Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 10 :Biomolecules

Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.

Proteins -Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure.

Vitamins - Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.


In conclusion, the conclusion of Chemistry Class 12th CBSE involves the final examination, grade assessment, and certificate issuance, which determines the students' performance in the subject and their future prospects.


1. What is the format of the CBSE Chemistry 12th exam?

Answer   : The CBSE Chemistry 12th exam consists of two parts - theory and practical. The theory part is a written exam of 70 marks, and the practical part is a lab-based exam of 30 marks.

2. What is the best way to study for CBSE Chemistry 12th?

Answer: The best way to study for CBSE Chemistry 12th is to read and understand the concepts thoroughly, practice numerical problems, and solve previous year's question papers. You should also pay attention to the practical part of the course and perform experiments to gain hands-on experience.

3.What is the passing marks for CBSE Chemistry 12th?

Answer: The passing marks for CBSE Chemistry 12th are 33% of the total marks, which is 23 out of 70 marks in the theory exam and 10 out of 30 marks in the practical exam.

4. Can I pursue higher education in chemistry after completing CBSE Chemistry 12th?

Answer: Yes, you can pursue higher education in chemistry after completing CBSE Chemistry 12th. Some popular options include Bachelor's degree in Chemistry, Master's degree in Chemistry, or research-oriented programs such as PhD in Chemistry.

Download CBSE Class 12th chemistry syllabus in pdf from below link 

author image
MissionGyan Team

We aim to eradicate the education gap and serve equal and free education to all with the help of skilled and expert volunteers and teachers.

One comment on “CBSE Syllabus of Class 12th Chemistry 2023:”

  1. Ꮋi there, You have done an excellent
    job. I'll definitely digg іt and personally
    recommеnd to my friends. I'm sure they'll be benefited from this website.

Copyright 2023 © Mission Gyan. All Rights Reserved

cross linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram